Marian-Andrei Rizoiu (UTS)

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Marian-Andrei Rizoiu

Statistics

A seminar by Marian-Andrei Rizoiu from University of Technology Sydney

Title: #DebateNight: The Role and Influence of Socialbots on Twitter During the 1st 2016 U.S. Presidential Debate

Abstract: Among the statistical tools for online information diffusion modeling, both epidemic models and Hawkes point processes are popular choices. The former originate from epidemiology, and consider information as a viral contagion which spreads into a population of online users. The latter have roots in geophysics and finance, they view individual actions as discrete events in continuous time, and they modulate the rate of events according to the self-exciting nature of event sequences. Here, we establish a novel connection between these two frameworks. Namely, the rate of events in an extended Hawkesmodel is identical to the rate of new infections in the Susceptible-Infected-Recovered (SIR) model after marginalizing out recovery events – which are unobserved in a Hawkes process. This result paves the way to apply tools developed for SIR to Hawkes, and vice-versa. It also leads to HawkesN, a generalization of the Hawkes model which accounts for a finite population size. Finally, we derive the distribution of cascade sizes for HawkesN, inspired by methods in stochastic SIR. Such distributions provide nuanced explanationsto the general unpredictability of popularity: the distribution for diffusion cascade sizes tends to have two modes, one corresponding to large cascade sizes and another one around zero.

Start date:

11am Thursday, 27 Jun 2019

End date:

12pm Thursday, 27 Jun 2019

Venue:

CBE LT1

Presenter(s):

Marian-Andrei Rizoiu

Updated:   7 June 2019 / Responsible Officer:  CBE Communications and Outreach / Page Contact:  College Web Team